Overview

One of Japan's most vibrant and popular regions, Kyushu's eight prefectures - Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Kumamoto, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Oita, Okinawa and Saga - are home to an impressive variety of traditional crafts. Narrowing down an introductory list is no easy task but beautifully simple bamboo designs, clay dolls, iron-rich pottery and tortoise shell crafts are hard to go past. Here is a simple introduction to some of the traditional crafts of Kyushu.

Fukuoka

Made from unglazed clay in Fukuoka prefecture, Hakata ningyo dolls have traditionally been gentle, subdued and yet somehow quite expressive in appearance. The dolls, often based on character types from Japan's classical theatre arts and literature, are now being created in a much more diverse style, including seasonal hina dolls as well as good-fortune deities and animals.

Hakata ningyo dolls, Fukuoka prefecture
Hakata ningyo dolls, Fukuoka prefecture (Photo: sk / CC BY-ND 2.0)

Kagoshima

One hundred percent silk, the Honba Oshima tumugi textiles of Kagoshima prefecture are all handmade on individual looms. Their distinctive mellow tones come courtesy of natural dyes used that incudes mud rich in iron. Slow to wrinkle and and exceedingly light, new colours and shades are being created for the modern market..

Honba Oshima tsumugi silk, Kagoshima prefecture
Honba Oshima tsumugi silk, Kagoshima prefecture (Photo: Image by uribou)

Kumamoto

A style of pottery that delivers a strong form with bold designs, Kumamoto prefecture's Shodai-yaki makes use of a local clay rich in iron. To create the pottery's well respected colouring, the ash of straw or bamboo is used for maximum effect. Resilient with an intriguingly hypnotic feel, Shodai-yaki has become popular as a practical pottery for everyday use.

Shodai-yaki ware, Kumamoto prefecture
Shodai-yaki ware, Kumamoto prefecture (Photo: Ashley Van Haeften / CC BY 2.0)

Miyazaki

Miyzaki prefecture's recognised traditional craft is the extremely powerful Miyakonojo-daikyu longbow. Made from bamboo sourced from the local area, these longbows are some two metres in length and crafted with elegant lines. Featuring buckskin grips, the bows boast exceptional range and accuracy.

Japanese longbow (cropped), Miyazaki prefecture
Japanese longbow (cropped), Miyazaki prefecture (Photo: Kollotzek/Wallrafen / )

Nagasaki

The bekko tortoise shell craft of Nagasaki prefecture sees techniques unique to the area used to sculpt the various colours and textures of tortoise shell into many different products and accessories. International restrictions on the trade of certain tortoises has seen the craft change over the decades with efforts to use sustainable shells.

Bekko tortoise shell, Nagasaki prefecture
Bekko tortoise shell, Nagasaki prefecture (Photo: Image by ZERO)

Oita

Using locally grown giant bamboo known as odake, Oita prefecture's handmade Beppu take-zaiku bamboo products are created with eight basic weaving techniques. Two hundred different patterns can be created from these basic techniques, giving Beppu take-zaiku great flexibility in application, seeing it used from everyday items to artistic and decorative ones.

Beppu take-zaiku, Oita
Beppu take-zaiku, Oita (Photo: Image by 村上あゆ美)

Okinawa

In spite of an amazing array of traditional textiles, Okinawa prefecture is also home to to some incredible pottery crafts. Tsuboya-yaki is one such craft, distinguished by its unique decorative enamel-based style that moved from being made for everyday folk, then promoted for the well-to-do before returning back to its origins.

Tsuboya-yaki, Okinawa prefecture
Tsuboya-yaki, Okinawa prefecture (Photo: Daderot / CC0 1.0)

Saga

Saga prefecture's Karatsu-yaki is a style of pottery that was historically made for tea. The style is considered an excellent representative of Japan's famous wabi-sabi aesthetic where its often coarse and simple look is said to exemplify impermanence and a sense of incompleteness.

Karatsu-yaki ware, Saga prefecture
Karatsu-yaki ware, Saga prefecture (Photo: Pekachu / CC BY-SA 4.0)