Kawazu Heian Buddha Statue Pavilion

See thousand-year-old Buddhist statues in Izu

By Peter Sidell    - 3 min read

Walking around Kawazu one morning, I found a sign directing me (and anyone else who saw it) to something called the Heian Buddha Statue Pavilion. I'd never heard of this, but I had time to spare and it sounded promising, so I decided to give it a look. I'm so glad I did! It's just a one-room museum, but absolutely fascinating and totally worth the visit.

The history: a Buddhist temple was founded on the site in 749CE, but was then buried in a landslide in 1432; the "Heian" of the museum's name is the Heian Period, from 794 to 1195, which would be when the statues were carved for the temple. A new temple was built on the site in 1541, and the statues were dug up at this time.

The layout of the museum mimics a temple: the main statue is on a dais in the centre, flanked by guardian demon generals, with the remaining statues displayed around the walls. There's a lot of wood, with four pillars and wooden beams supporting the ceiling, and traditional screen doors add to the atmosphere of calm.

There are a total of 24 statues on display, from the 9th, 10th and 11th centuries, in various states of preservation or deterioration; some of them are extraordinarily well preserved, some are missing limbs or other parts, some reduced to basic but recognisable forms. There are helpful, detailed explanations in English for every statue - except the main one! But the internet tells me that this is the oldest statue in Shizuoka, and depicts Yakushi Nyorai, the Buddha of medicine and healing.

These explanations give a lot of interesting insight into the forms and processes. Some of the statues were carved from single blocks of lumber, some were jointed, with separately added limbs, helmets, even faces. And despite some of the statues being badly deteriorated, the curators were able to extract information from features such as the stance, or the length of the hair. For example, hands folded inside long sleeves is a characteristic pose of a female deity in Shinto, not in Buddhism.

This really is a hidden gem; even if you're not interested in Buddhism particularly, there's still plenty to admire and enjoy about the craftsmanship, and just the sense of looking so far back in time.

Getting there

It's about two kilometers from Kawazu station, about forty minutes south of Ito on the Izu Kyuko line. There's a small parking lot, but from there it's a short but markedly steep climb up a hill.

The pavilion is open daily except Wednesdays, from 10:00am to 4:00pm, but is closed from 29th December to 3rd January each year. Admission is JPY300, with discounts for school age students.

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Peter Sidell

Peter Sidell @peter.sidell

I came to Japan from Manchester, England in 2003, and have travelled a lot since then, around Japan and in Asia. When I'm not working, I write satire and perform stand-up comedy in and around Tokyo. Check YouTube for a taste.

Join the discussion

Kim a week ago
A history buff's delight, from the sounds of it!
Sleiman Azizi a week ago
The pieces carved from a single piece of source material always grab my attention.
Bonson Lam 2 weeks ago
749! That is very early days for Buddhism in Japan. What a find.
Lynda Hogan 2 weeks ago
Incredible to think these statues are a 1000 years old.