By Jerome Lee
Hakata is now part of Fukuoka City but in the old days was a separate part of the area. Hakata dolls are world famous now and were originally crafted in the old Hakata, hence their name.
Some say that the production of Hakata dolls began in the 12th century. However, in 1900, the dolls appeared at the Paris World Exhibition and eventually received international recognition after the dolls won gold and silver medals at the 1925 International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts, a world fair held in Paris.
Traditional Hakata dolls represented samurai, kabuki actors, dancing maiko, young women in kimono and children. The dolls sculptures were made with great skill expressing movement and painted in a very delicate style. Hakata dolls are made from high quality local clay in Hakata and their creation requires a number of steps.
Based on a sketch, a craftsperson makes a sculpture from plasticine before making a plaster mould that separates into two parts. Soft clay is then placed into the mould by hand with the two parts joining and placed into a kiln for firing. Once fired, the the doll is painted with matte paints, never using any glaze and varnish. These days, Hakata dolls were delicately painted with soft colours but in the past the colours tended to be much brighter. Due to their lightness, cotton gloves are uses when working on the dolls.
Hakata dolls vary by shape from rather simple ones to quite exquisite. Simpler models are mass produced and sold cheaply but even these ones are made to look beautiful. Famous masters of Hakata dolls make one-of-a-kind pieces of art with prices matching the level of artistic quality.
Hakata dolls can be purchased anywhere in Japan, but if you can, do try and purchase one from Hakata. There are special shops and studios of classes for painting Hakata dolls. I have few Hakata dolls in my collection and all of them are the gifts from my Japanese friends.
Was this article helpful?
I love Japan very much! I like small towns of Japan where I can watch people doing their business and talk to them carefully. They're always friendly. I like Japanese gardens where I can just sit or walk and take my time. Also I like Shinto Jinja as being there I feel in peace. I like to watch sunsets and then to dine in some small local places. I like to soak into onsen after a long day of wandering. I like Japanese crafts very much as all items are made with great taste and skill. Nihon wo daisuki desuyo! My photos from Japan I also place here: https://gurushots.com/f10384/photos Matane!